Story of the Internet

2 computers MIT Lincoln Lab communicate using packet switching technology


Nodes by

UCLA’s Network Measurement Center

Stanford Research Institute

University of Utah

University of California-Santa Barbara






First Message "LO" attempted by Student  Charles Kline  to login to SRI Computer from the university


it was not completed because the SRI system crashed.

BBN’s Ray Tomlinson introduces network email. 



B Global networking becomes a reality as the University College of London England and Royal Radar Establishment Norway connect to ARPANET. 

The Term Internet is Born

The first Internet Service Provider (ISP) is born with the introduction of a commercial version of ARPANET, known as Telenet.


Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn  (the duo said by many to be the Fathers of the Internet)  Publish "A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection," which details the design of TCP

Queen Elizabeth II hits the “send button” on her first email.



USENET forms to host news and discussion groups.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) provided a grant to establish the Computer Science Network (CSNET) to provide networking services to university computer scientists.


Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), as the protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP, emerge as the protocol for ARPANET. This results in the fledgling definition of the Internet as connected TCP/IP internets. TCP/IP remains the standard protocol for the Internet.


The Domain Name System (DNS) establishes the familiar .edu, .gov, .com, .mil, .org, .net, and .int system for naming websites. This is easier to remember than the previous designation for websites, such as 123.456.789.10.


William Gibson, author of "Neuromancer," is the first to use the term "cyberspace."


1985, the website for Symbolics Computer Corp. in Massachusetts, becomes the first registered domain.

The National Science Foundation’s NSFNET goes online to connected supercomputer centers at 56,000 bits per second — the speed of a typical dial-up computer modem. 


Over time the network speeds up and regional research and education networks, supported in part by NSF, are connected to the NSFNET backbone — effectively expanding the Internet throughout the United States. The NSFNET was essentially a network of networks that connected academic users along with the ARPANET.


The number of hosts on the Internet exceeds 20,000. Cisco ships its first router.


1989 becomes the first commercial provider of dial-up access to the Internet.

Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, develops HyperText Markup Language (HTML).


CERN introduces the World Wide Web to the public.



The first audio and video are distributed over the Internet. The phrase "surfing the Internet" is popularized.

The number of websites reaches 600 and the White House and United Nations go online. Marc Andreesen develops the Mosaic Web browser at the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana.


Netscape Communications is born.  Microsoft creates Web browser for Windows 95. Yahoo! is created by Jerry Yang and David Filo, two electrical engineering graduate students at Stanford University.  The site was originally called "Jerry and David's Guide to the World Wide Web." 

1994, Craigslist and eBay go live.  The first online dating site,, launches.


CNET buys for $15,000. A 3D animation dubbed "The Dancing Baby" becomes one of the first viral videos.


Netflix is founded by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph as a company that sends users DVDs by mail.  Netscape announces that its browser will be free.


The Google search engine is born. The Internet Protocol version 6 introduced, to allow for future growth of Internet Addresses. 


Peer-to-peer file sharing is s reality as Napster arrives on the Internet,  a displeasure to the music industry.



The dot-com bubble bursts. AOL merges with Time Warner

A federal judge shuts down Napster, ruling that it must find a way to stop users from sharing copyrighted material before it can go back online.



 Myspace, Skype and the Safari Web browser debut. The blog publishing platform WordPress is launched.

Facebook goes online and the era of social networking begins. Mozilla unveils the Mozilla Firefox browser.


2005 launches. The social news site Reddit is also founded.

Twitter launches. The company's founder, Jack Dorsey, sends out the very first tweet: "just setting up my twttr."


The Internet marks its 40th anniversary.



Facebook reaches 400 million active users. The social media sites Pinterest and Instagram are launched.

51% of U.S. adults report that they bank online, according to a survey conducted by the Pew Research Center.


Instagram, the photo-sharing site, reaches 400 million users, outpacing Twitter, which would go on to reach 316 million users by the middle of the same year.


Google unveils Google Assistant, Google joins Amazon's Alexa, Siri from Apple, and Cortana from Microsoft.


EU GDPR Privacy Cookie Law Takes Effect in May 2018



53.6% of 7.75 Billion Population of The World in now a Internet User